Monday, March 21, 2016



Located in the southern region of the Ozark Mountains in Bentonville, Arkansas, Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art, founded by Alice Walton whose father Sam Walton created the Walmart stores, explores the continuously unfolding history of America through collecting and exhibiting outstanding works of art that illuminate the American artistic heritage which enriches the understanding and appreciation of American history and culture.

Set on 120 acres of native Ozark forest, with 3.5 miles of included walking trails, Crystal Bridges’ grounds are surrounded by an environment which enhances the “museum experience”.  The Museum’s breathtaking and distinctive architecture designed by internationally renowned architect Moshe Saftie incorporates the topographical elements, immersing visitors in the landscape.

To this picturesque setting recently has been added the Bachman-Wilson House, designed by architect Frank Lloyd Wright who was known throughout his career for creating structures which incorporate and showcase the surrounding natural environment.


In 1954, architect Frank Lloyd Wright designed a house in the “Usonian” style along the Millstone River in New Jersey for Gloria Bachman Wilson and Abraham Wilson.  

The word “Usonian” was derived from an abbreviation of “United States of North America”.  Wright embraced this term as the name for a distinctly American and “democratic” style of residential architecture which he had developed during the Great Depression.  Compared to his highly customized homes, these were simpler, lower-cost houses designed to be within the reach of the average middle-class American family, without sacrificing quality.  Approximately 120 Usonian homes were built.

Known as the Bachman-Wilson House for the Wilsons and also Gloria Wilson's brother, Marvin Bachman who was an apprentice to Wright, the house was subsequently purchased by architect/designer team Lawrence and Sharon Tarantino in 1988 and meticulously restored. Over the years, however, the structure was threatened by repeated flooding at its original location, and the Tarantinos eventually determined that selling the house to an institution willing to relocate it would be the best option for its preservation. After the Tarantino's multi-year search for a suitable institution, they settled upon Crystal Bridges, which acquired the house in 2013. The entire structure was then taken apart and each component was labeled, packed, and loaded into two trucks for transportation to the Museum. After its 1,235 mile journey, the Bachman-Wilson House arrived at the Crystal Bridges site in April, 2014. 

After the arrival of the de-constructed house, Crystal Bridges embarked upon more than a year of painstaking re-construction, including adding an improved climate-control system which better protects the extensive mahogany wood within the house, the Bachman-Wilson House opened to the public in November, 2015 at Crystal Bridges.

PRESS RELEASE:  For the first time since it opened to the public in November, 2015, Frank Lloyd Wright's Bachman-Wilson House at Crystal Bridges Museum will be included in Snobby Tours®' Presidential Libraries of the Midwest during Fall Foliage© custom-designed Americana Heritage Tour, October 23-31, 2016.  For more information abo ut this Tour, link to:

(Primary Source information and Video materials courtesy of Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art which retains all copyrights therein.)

©2016 Snobby Tours®, Inc.  All Rights Reserved.

Tuesday, July 28, 2015


2015 is a landmark year for the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Museum and Library.

Opened in 2005, it is located in the historic downtown area of Springfield, Illinois, and is considered to be the first major "experience museum because it combines priceless historical artifacts with innovative, contemporary storytelling technology.  The result is an engaging, emotional, and educational experience which makes visitors feel as if they are in there themselves, in the same place.      

Lincoln Presidential Museum
Lincoln Presidential Library

The Library is a research facility and rare book collection focusing on Lincoln's life and the American Civil War.  The Museum directly across the street features two major galleries, each off the massive rotunda, representative of two different stages of Lincoln's life. 

One gallery, entitled "Journey One: The Pre-Presidential Years", commences inside a log cabin, and then winds through a series of rooms depicting Lincoln's early life in and around Springfield.

The second gallery, entitled "Journey Two:  The Presidential Years", commences through a re-created entry to the White House, and covers Lincoln's Presidential years, and the Civil War period thru his assassination.

Both contain life-size dioramas of settings of key events in Lincoln's life.  Original artifacts and other memorabilia are changed from time to time, but the collection usually includes the original handwritten Gettysburg Address, a signed Emancipation Proclamation, Lincoln's reading glasses, Mary Todd Lincoln's White House china, and her wedding dress.

Additionally, there are theatre presentations with live as well as holographic characters from Lincoln's life and times.

In celebration of its 10th anniversary in 2015, the Lincoln Museum is featuring several Special Exhibitions.

"A Decade Ago" is a reflective look back at the creation of the Museum and its dedication.  On view are objects, images, and video that tell the story of how the Lincoln Presidential Museum was created.

"Undying Words:  Lincoln 1858-1865" is an all-new exhibit, in collaboration with the Chicago History Museum.  It features original versions of Lincoln's most famous speeches, plus Lincoln and Mary's carriage, his death-bed, a 7-foot tall "Rail Splitter portrait, and several interactives.

The Abraham Lincoln Presidential Museum and Library are one of five Presidential Museums and Libraries included on our "Presidential Libraries and Fall Foliage of the Midwest©"  custom-created heritage Tour.  Other Presidential Libraries included on this Tour are Hoover, Eisenhower, Truman and Clinton.  Special Exhibits in 2015 at the Truman and Eisenhower Presidential Libraries commemorate the 70th anniversary of the end of WWII.  Tour dates are October 25 - November 2, 2015. For more information, link to:

Saturday, June 20, 2015


The Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum is located in Independence, Missouri, and is one of FIVE Presidential Libraries on our "Presidential Libraries and Fall Foliage of the Midwest"©  USA-heritage tour.

2015 marks the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II.  Commemorating this event which impacted world history, the Truman Presidential Library and Museum is featuring a Special Exhibition, "Till We Meet Again" thru the end of 2015.

This Exhibition commemorates the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II and Harry Truman’s elevation to the Presidency. Set in the tumultuous year of 1945, the Exhibition uses the history of the war as a backdrop to the momentous events of that year - the violent battles in the Atlantic, Europe, and the Pacific, the Yalta Conference, the death of President Roosevelt and elevation of Harry Truman to the Presidency, the surrender of Germany, the founding of the United Nations, the Potsdam Conference, the use of the atomic bomb, and the surrender of Japan.

Told through iconic artifacts and history-shaping documents, supplemented by memorable video clips, letters, diary entries, and personal mementoes, the exhibition follows a new President wrestling with decisions that will affect the future of the world, while ordinary Americans of the Greatest Generation struggle to survive the war and look ahead to the uncertainty of their new lives in a land forever altered by the world conflict. 

Permanent Exhibitions at the Truman Presidential Library and Museum:

Truman: The Presidential Years
The major issues and events of Harry Truman's Presidency are highlighted in this 10,500-square-foot core exhibition. Featuring two decision theaters, enhanced audio and video programs, and new interactive elements, this exhibition forms the centerpiece of the Truman Library and Museum.

This major permanent exhibition highlights the personal side of the life of Harry Truman and his family. Featuring many important objects from the Truman Library collections, this exhibition follows the lives of the Trumans primarily through the many letters exchanged between Harry and Bess Truman over the years.

"Presidential Libraries and Fall Foliage of the Midwest"©   USA-heritage tour this year is October 25-November 2, 2015, routing thru Chicago.  A pre-Tour option is also available.  Reservations close September 15, 2015.  To view the Itinerary and to make reservations for this fun and interesting heritage tour, link to: 

Monday, October 6, 2014


Chicago's Iconic Houses of Worship

Chicago is an "architectural town" -- known the world over for its beautiful buildings and breathtaking skyline. Many of the most notable are the City's churches and other houses of worship built for communities established both before, and in the aftermath of, the Chicago Fire in 1871.

These buildings not only are aesthetically pleasing, but they also serve as a connection to the diverse immigrant past of Chicago.

After the Chicago Fire of 1871, much of the city had to be rebuilt, making Chicago the perfect place for both established and emerging architects, such as Daniel Burnham and Frank Lloyd Wright, whose work not only reflected the Victorian Era, but also architectural styles of the "prairie", with its wide open horizontal spaces and integration of structure and nature, as the 20th century unfolded. 

Ranging from resolutely mainstream to the ethnically-rooted and the avant-garde, its houses of worship reflect the unique diversity of Chicago's highly creative architecture, as well as the spiritual diversity of the people who have made their homes in this vibrant City.  

Many of Chicago's iconic houses of worship are centerpieces within the ethnic communities they continue to serve.  They represent a link between the old and the new traditions, and the continuity which transcends both. 

Chicago's faith-based affiliated colleges have also become 
historically significant attractions in the City.  DePaul University, the 
largest Catholic university in the country, first founded by the Vincentians 
in 1898 to serve Roman Catholic children of immigrants, has since 
grown into an acclaimed liberal arts college.  Loyola University of 
Chicago, a Jesuit university founded in 1870, is now the largest 
Jesuit university in the U.S. and home to the Saint Joseph College 
Seminary and the Jesuit First Studies Program, one of only three 
such programs in the country.

In 2014, the Americana HeritageTours division of our heritage and cultural tour planning company, Snobby Tours®, Inc., launched our FAITH-BASED CHICAGO ARCHITECTURE TOUR: HISTORIC HOUSES OF WORSHIP©.

This Tour is guided by various Chicago expert historians affiliated with the 
Chicago Architectural Foundation, the Frank Lloyd Wright Preservation Trust, 
the City of Chicago, and the historic houses of worship included on this Tour.

It is also scheduled to coincide with Chicago's Annual Gospel Music Festival 

which showcases the best in local, national and international Gospel Music 
performers. Held over four days in three locations, The Chicago Gospel Music 
Festival includes the weekend at Ellis Park in historic Bronzeville, the birthplace 
of Gospel Music.

Each guide on this unique Tour provides extensive expertise regarding the 
work of Chicago's most prolific architects and knowledge of Chicago's eclectic 
neighborhoods and their history, and the distinctive architectural styles 
which are reflective of the diverse ethnic cultures and religions which have 
become the overall fabric of Chicago.

Leaders of the various houses of worship have one-on-one dialogues 
about their congregations and their history in the Chicago community.  
Faith-based houses of worship on this Tour include Catholic, Episcopal, 
Jewish, PresbyterianMethodist, Unitarian, Baha'i, Baptist and Islamic, inter alia.

Early Bird Reservation Discounts apply to our custom-created,  FAITH-BASED CHICAGO ARCHITECTURE TOUR: HISTORIC HOUSES OF WORSHIP©.  For more information and to book this unique and interesting 
Tour, visit us at:  

Friday, March 7, 2014

"THE WALLIS": L.A.'s Newest Performing Arts Venue Debuts in Beverly Hills, CA

Situated in the heart of the Beverly Hills commercial district, The Wallis Annenberg Center for the Performing Arts ("The Wallis") officially opened its doors to the public in October 2013 with a dedication and a series of Galas, followed by programming beginning on November 8th with the world-renowned the Martha Graham Dance Company. 

The Wallis, the first performing arts center to be built in Beverly Hills, will be a home for artists from around the world and audiences of every age.

This new venue transforms an entire Beverly Hills city block near the Civic Center into a vibrant new cultural destination with TWO distinct, elegant buildings -- and has been completed in time for its 2013-2014 Inaugural Season to correspond with Beverly Hills' Centennial Celebration marking the 100th birthday of the City's incorporation.  
Artist's Rendering © 2013 Wallis Annenberg Center for the Performing Arts.  Reprinted with permission.  

The most notable of the two buildings is the much loved historic 1933 Italianate-style Beverly Hills Post Office built as a WPA project during the Franklin Roosevelt administration.  For decades some of Beverly Hills' most recognizable residents from film and television kept post office boxes there, such as Fred Astaire and Jimmy Stewart.

In 2013, the City of Beverly Hills designated the Beverly Hills Post Office as a historical landmark, under the City's new Historic Preservation Ordinance.  The building had previously received designation on the National Register of Historic Places by the US Department of the Interior.

As part of "The Wallis", within the treasured Post Office, existing spaces are re-imagined into the 150-seat Lovelace Studio Theater, a theater school for young people (opening in 2014), a Café and Gift Shop. 

The second building is the 500-seat, state-of-the-art Goldsmith Theater.   

Together, these two structures embrace Beverly Hills' history and future, creating a new cultural landmark.  Executive Director of The Wallis, Lou Moore, and Architect Zoltan Pali convey the overall excitement of this achievement  -- which was years "in the making" -- in the following video from October 2013:

In 2014 The Wallis will begin a year-round program of professional theater classes for young people ages eight to eighteen, with classrooms and administrative areas located in the Post Office. Drawing from the rich talent of Los Angeles’s entertainment industry, a faculty of professionals and theater educators serve as the directors and teachers of the program providing a diverse curriculum of the arts. The school will offer exciting, unique opportunities for students to study with guest artists appearing on the main stage, as well at the Studio Theater, which is located in the original mail sorting room.

"The Wallis" now is included in our "Los Angeles Architecture -- An Eclectic Landscape"© custom-designed itinerary. For more information about this unique and comprehensive heritage and cultural tour covering L.A.'s architectural history from "early settlement to the present", visit us at
Reservations close on February 15th during each year we offer this Tour. 

(Photo and Audiovisual sources :   The Wallis Annenberg Center for the Performing Arts)

© 2014 Snobby Tours®, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Wednesday, February 20, 2013

CRYSTAL BRIDGES MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART: The Largest Art Museum to open in the USA since 1974.

© 2012 Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art
Reprinted with permission.
Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art, located in Bentonville, Arkansas, is the largest art museum to open in the USA in over three decades!!

It takes its name from Crystal Spring—a natural spring on the Museum's wooded site that feeds into the Museum ponds—and from the unique bridge construction incorporated into the building design.

Opened in late 2011, Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art was founded and endowed thru the generosity of Alice Walton, daughter of Walmart founder, Sam Walton.  The Crystal Bridges art collection offers a superb overview of American art, including American masterworks as well as surprising lesser-known gems from the Colonial era to contemporary work. Sculpture in the collection graces interior galleries and outdoor trails. 

The building was designed by renowned architect Moshe Safdie. Safdie is an architect, urban planner, educator, theorist, and author who embraces a comprehensive and humane design philosophy. Safdie is committed to architecture that responds to human needs and aspirations and is informed by the geographic, social, and cultural elements that define a place.
© 2012 Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art
Reprinted with permission.

The trails and grounds of Crystal Bridges are a must-see part of the Museum experience. More than 3.5 miles of trails wind through the Museum's 120-acre site, providing guests with access to the beautiful Ozark landscape. Highlights include the historic Crystal Spring, for which the Museum is named, and several outdoor sculptures along the Art Trail. Designed to spark the imagination, the trails help guests form connections to the land and its history, as well as learn about art and Arkansas plant life.

Crystal Bridges' permanent collection spans five centuries of American masterworks ranging from the Colonial era to the current day. Included within the collection are iconic images such as Asher B. Durand's Kindred Spirits, Rosie the Riveter by Norman Rockwell, and Andy Warhol's Dolly Parton, each reflecting a distinct moment in American artistic evolution. In addition to historical works, the Museum's collection also showcases major works by modern and contemporary American artists, including Roy Lichtenstein, James Turrell, and Georgia O'Keeffe, providing visitors with a unique opportunity to experience the full scope of American art. Crystal Bridges will continue to grow its collection through the efforts of its professional staff as well as through important gifts from private collectors.

The permanent collection, which is on view year-round, is further enhanced by an array of ongoing temporary exhibitions.

Norman Rockwell
Triple Self-Portrait, (detail), 1959
Oil on canvas, 44 1/2" x 34 1/3"
Cover illustration for The Saturday Evening Post, February 13, 1960
©1960 SEPS: Licensed by Curtis Publishing, Indianapolis, IN
From the permanent collection of Norman Rockwell Museum
Reprinted with permission.
One recent temporary exhibit at Crystal Bridges was "American Chronicles: The Art of Norman Rockwell", which was organized by the Norman Rockwell Museum, Stockbridge, Massachusetts. This exhibition had been made possible with the generous support from National Endowment for the Arts, American Masterpieces Program; the Henry Luce Foundation; Curtis Publishing Company; Norman Rockwell Family Agency; and the Stockman Family Foundation.  It was also sponsored at Crystal Bridges by the Bob Bogle Family, Cadillac of Bentonville, the Paul and June Carter Family, ConAgra Foods, Hallmark Cards, Inc.

The Museum's restaurant, Eleven, offers modern American comfort food in a setting as vibrant and exciting as its menu.  Enjoy familiar favorites from the South and Midwest, prepared with an innovative twist. Eleven is open for lunch service daily, and dinner on Wednesdays and Fridays. Picnic lunches are available seasonally to take out onto the Museum grounds.

  © 2012 Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art
Reprinted with permission

The Museum Store—designed by Marlon Blackwell—is located across the courtyard from the Museum's main lobby. The Store offers educational and art-centric toys and games, a wide selection of books, gifts, jewelry, apparel inspired by the Museum's permanent collection, and prints of many of the most popular works. Original works by the finest artists and artisans in the region are also available for purchase, along with classic home décor and glassware by notable American designers.

The Crystal Bridges Library offers a large collection of art reference materials that are available to scholars, students, educators, and community members who wish to learn more about American art and cultural heritage. An emphasis is given to resources that reflect the Museum's permanent collection. The Library will be open to the public during all Museum public hours, and will feature changing exhibitions of books and other materials related to current Museum exhibitions.

We are proud to have added Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art in 2013 as part of our custom-designed USA heritage tour, PRESIDENTIAL LIBRARIES AND FALL FOLIAGE OF THE MIDWEST©.   We take this Tour by deluxe motorcoach each Fall in mid- to late October/early November, which is optimum Fall Foliage time in the American Midwest.   Reservations close August 15th of each tour year.    Details and pricing are on our Website at:  

(Source materialCrystal Bridges Museum of American Art)

© 2013-2014 Snobby Tours®, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Monday, January 21, 2013

ECLECTIC LOS ANGELES ARCHITECTURE - Part 1 of a series: Early Settlement©

LOS ANGELES.  Its very name conjures up images of palm trees, sandy beaches, film studios and movie premiers, beautiful people who never seem to age, and an extravagant, sometimes "over-the-top", lifestyle.

But in the mid-1800s, that was hardly the case.  

The name "Los Angeles" is Spanish for The Angels. There is much more to this name, however.  In 1769, Father Juan Crespi, a Franciscan priest accompanying the first European land expedition through California, wrote in his journal about a beautiful river they had discovered.  In 1781, a new settlement was established along that same river. That settlement officially came to be known as "El Pueblo de la Reina de Los Angeles", or "The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels".

The oldest house still in existence within the City of Los Angeles is the Avila Adobe, which  is located on Olvera Street, in an area which has preserved Los Angeles' Spanish and Mexican history.

Avila Adobe, late19th century
(Photo source unknown) 
The Avila Adobe was constructed in 1818 by a wealthy land-grant owner, Francisco José Avila, who was mayor of Los Angeles in 1810. Members of the Avila family resided in the Avila Adobe until 1868. From 1868 to the early 1920s, the Adobe went through multiple uses, including being used as a restaurant and as a rooming house.

Historic Olvera Street started out as a short lane called Wine Street.  In 1877 the street was extended and its name changed to Olvera Street in honor of Agustin Olvera, who owned a home at the end of the street across from the Plaza, and who was the first county judge of Los Angeles.

The Olvera Street Plaza, circa 1886
(Photo reprinted courtesy of Los Angeles Public Library Photo Archives)
Several historic buildings line Olvera Street, including the Avila Adobe, the Pelanconi House -- the oldest brick house in the city, dating from 1855 -- and the Sepulveda House, a Victorian structure in the Eastlake style, built in 1887 as both a residence and commercial building.

By 1903 the street had considerably declined, and an electrical substation was built next to the Avila Adobe to provide power for Los Angeles' electric streetcars. The Italian Hall, a center for Italian organizations, was constructed in 1907 at the north end of Olvera Street.  Across the street, the Italian winery expanded its building in 1914.

The condition of Avila Adobe deteriorated over the following years and was finally condemned in 1926 by the City Health Department.  This caught the attention of socialite Christine Sterling, who during a visit to the Plaza and Olvera Street in 1926, was so appalled by the run-down condition of the oldest part of the City, that she began a public campaign to save the Adobe and Olvera Street.   With a vibrant future of the Olvera Street area in mind, Sterling envisioned a colorful Mexican marketplace and cultural focal center. With funding provided by several influential businessmen and publicity from the Los Angeles Times, she established a corporation to revitalize Olvera Street.  

Descendants of the Avila family gave permission to allow Sterling to renovate the Adobe.  In addition, she solicited money, materials and labor to accomplish the repairs. Unusual help received by Mrs. Sterling included engineers from the City Department of Water and Power who drew up plans to grade the street, and the Sheriff's Department who provided prisoners to do the labor.  In 1929, the Los Angeles City Council closed Olvera Street to automobile and bus traffic, creating a lovely pedestrian avenue for people to stroll, shop and dine -- as seen in the attached vintage video produced back in 1937 as a travel promotion, and which is reflective of the 1930s.

Today, both the Avila Adobe and Olvera Street are part of the Los Angeles Plaza Historic District, which is a designated California State Historic Park.  The entire District is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and Avila Adobe is a registered California Historical Landmark.  The Avila Adobe is open to the public as a museum -- furnished as it might have appeared in the late 1840s -- and Olvera Street is a favourite of locals as well as tourists seeking a "peek" at what life was like in early Los Angeles.

Avila Adobe and Olvera Street are included in our  "Los Angeles Architecture -- An Eclectic Landscape"© custom-designed itinerary, conducted in the Spring in late April/early May to coincide with the Annual Pasadena Showcase House of Design and with the Annual Concours d'Elegance at Greystone Mansion in Beverly Hills, CA.  For more information about this unique and comprehensive heritage and cultural tour covering L.A.'s architectural history from "early settlement to the present", visit us at  
Reservations close February 15th of each year during which we offer this Tour. 

(Photo and Audiovisual sources :   City of Los Angeles,, L.A Public Library Photo Archives)

© 2013-2014 Snobby Tours®, Inc. All Rights Reserved.