|Ancient grape press and wine fermentation vat|
© 2011 National Geographic Society
(reprinted in Los Angeles Times)
"The oldest previously known evidence of wine dates to about 5400 BC and was discovered at a site called Hajji Firuz in the northern Zagros mountains, where McGovern has found jars with traces of tartaric acid crystals, a chemical marker for wine.
"The oldest previous evidence of grape seeds and other organic materials dates to around 3150 BC and was found in the tomb of the Egyptian king Scorpion I.
"The oldest wine press is much younger, found in the West Bank and dating to about 1650 BC.
This research was sponsored by UCLA and the National Geographic Society.